, in the foreground on the picture, is one the seven hills of Rome.
It appeared as a plateau with three small peaks, the Oppius
, the Fagutalis
and the Cispius
Before the Empire,this area was covered by the cemetary of the poors and had a bad reputation.
let build there a splendid villa with gardens. By the end of the Empire,
the hill was almost completely built.
was a kind of “bulge” between the Esquiline at the bottom of the picture,
and the Quirinal at the top of the picture. It was mainly a living area with insulę
(type of rented houses that formed a large majority of houses of Rome, since 96% of the
buildings appeared to be of this kind)
The Insula is found in every part of the city.
Over-crowded streets are packed with people buying or selling. The ground-floor of the
is used as a shop for the craftsmen, whereby the upper floors are used for living.
Two large streets went through the hill, the Vicus Patricius
, that can be guessed in the
middle of the picture, and the Vicus Collis Viminalis
At the foot of the Esquiline, the popular district of Subura