The Temple of Honour and Virtue
. The Honour or military Glory was the matter of a cult in Rome,
either alone or associated with the Virtue (Virtus). Several temples were erected
to that cult, among which one close to the Porta Collina on the north side of the
City, one on the Arx, and this one, close to the Porta Capena, that you recognise
on the left side of the picture. The feast was celebrated on May 29.
The Tomb of Horatia
(or Camilla) Horatius’s sister. It’s at this place that Horatius might have killed
with his sword his sister Camilla who was runing towards him.
(Legend of Horatii and Curiatii). This tomb was of dressed stones.
The Baths of Abascanthus.
One of the 900 baths of Rome, built between the temple of Honour and Virtue and the Aqua Marcia.
The Tomb of Marcellus,
on the left, close to the Porta Capena, was erected by Marcellus,
founder of the temple of Honour and Virtue, during his ninth consulate.
It was decorated with statues of Marcellus, of his father and his grandfather.
The Tomb of Cincia
is that on the right side. Both tombs lined the Via Appia.
The Altar of Fortuna Redux
(the Fortune that presides over the return) between the temple
of Honour and Virtue and the Tomb of Horatia. This altar was erected
to mark Augustus’s return to Rome after a long absence in Syria.
To this occasion, the Senate ordered that the Pontifex and the
Vestals made a yearly sacrifice. The Greek equivalent of the goddess Fortuna was Tyche.
The Baths of Mercury
built behind the Temple of Honour and Virtue.