The Via Tusculana
leaves behind the valley of the Decennium
down right on the picture, and climbs on the East CŠlius.
We first go through the Aurelian Wall by the Posterula, small gate allowing the way through. Just after the Wall,
our attention is drawn by the compound of buildings forming the Castra Nova Equitum Singularium
in the centre of the picture. It is a fort which was used by the emperor’s cavalry guard,
and was built under Septimius Severus. Having been built after the Castra Priora
it was known as Castra Nova
(new camp). On the top of the picture, next to the Aqua Claudia, the Campus
(vast opened space), probably to honour Aulus Verginius Tricostus CŠlimontanus
consul during the Republic. At last, close to the Campus, the (a
) House of L. Annius Verus
Marcus Aurelius’ grandfather.
Built under the Severi, The baths of Latran ,
( Thermae Lateranenses
These fairly imposing baths were built on both sides of the Via Tusculana Via Tusculana
Let’s cross the Aqua Claudia. Here, in the centre of the picture, stood the
Castra Priora Equitum Singularium
This camp might have been built by Trajan,
when he created the Equites Singulares
guard. At the difference to the Castra Nova Equitum Singularium
it had the traditional rectangular form, like the barracks of the security guards (Vigiles).
At the bottom left, the Campus Martialis
which was used for the Esquiria
, kind of equine games that took normally place on the
Campus Martius, but could be moved to the Campus Martialis when the Campus Martius was flooded.
A temple of Hercules Victor (a)
the fašade of which opens towards the Aqua Claudia. There were not only temples erected almost everywhere in Rome,
prostitution was also flourishing and numerous buildings were devoted to this activity. Here only a few steps
away from Hercules temple the great brothel of the CŠlius (b)
that were dealing as well as offices for the tax management of prostitutes.
Bottom right, the Aqua Claudia going through the east CŠlius. Between the great aqueduct and
the slope of the Esquiline appear two large buildings,
the Tetricus’ House (a)
Vectilian’s house and gardens (b)
Vectilian’s palace was mainly used to quarter the emperor’s guard.
In the middle of the picture, the l'Inter Duos Lucos.
It is a rarely mentioned street in Roman History, but could have been close to the location of Tetricus’ house. Top, the Via Merulana
that climbs on the Esquiline. At last, the myth of Helen of Troy found a place in Rome as a
Tomb of Helen might have been dedicated to her (a) on the via Merulana.