Varius Avitus Bassianus, High Priest from Emesa, was proclamed Emperor of Rome in 219 with the name
Elagabalus. An adept of the Betyl, a black stone with a conical shape, Elagabalus
sacred stone to be installed in a temple built on the oriental part of the Palatine.
This temple was of fairly large dimensions with a garden devoted to the Syrian god Adonis.
The Emperor let as well transfer there other Roman Deities and sacred relics as the shields
of the Regia, which were before kept on the Forum. His successor, Alexander Severus,
Elagabalus’ cousin, consecrated the temple back to Avenging Jupiter.