The portico of Octavia
in the centre of the picture, was a very richly decorated monument.
It was erected in the IInd century BC by Cecilius Metellus, victor of the Macedonians.
This portico surrounded two temples, left that of Juno Queen
and right, that of Jupiter Stator
It’s Augustus who built the portico again and dedicated it to his sister Octavia
. Quite close to this portico stood the great Insula
of the Capitol.
The portico of Philippus
(in the centre of the picture)
was erected in 29 BC by L. Marcus Philippi. You notice the round temple of Hercules.
The temple of Neptune
(the one on the left of the two temples in the centre of the picture)
was probaby erected in the IIIrd century. It housed a famous group of
sculptures by Scopas, representing Poseidon, Thetis and Achilles
with a choir of Nereides and Tritons, as well as an altar,
the frieze of which is today in Munich.
Between the Theatre of Pompey and the Circus of Flaminius,
we discover two more important porticoes, the Porticus Maximae,
the blue roof of which can be guessed next to the Theatre of Pompey,
and which covers a good part of the public way. The other important portico is the Portico of Octavius,
just before the Circus of Flaminius, with a rectangular shape.
The Porticus Maximae
seen under another angle.
We could find as well in the administrative region of the Circus of Flaminius,
the IXth region, the templum Martis In Circo
quite close to the Theatre of Pompey. This temple, known before as “Temple of Neptune”
might actually be the Temple of Mars
built by the Consul Brutus Callaicus in 138 BC. It appears with a white roof, surrounded by a portico, almost in the centre of the picture. Here it is, facing the Circus of Flaminius
. Higher, the shadow of the Theatre of Pompey.
By the entrance to the Circus of Flaminius, we find again the great Portico of Octavius
with its rectangular shape. This portico was erected by Chelus Octavius after
he defeated Perseus in 167 BC. On the other side of the Circus,
a small arch, the Arch of Germanicus
allowed access to the site. You guess it facing the entrance of the Portico of Octavia.