On a ground that he owned, Cæsar let himself build an immense park, 2km long and 500m broad. The gardens delighted the visitors with their spectacular paths, where groves, bowers, flower beds and basins adorned the landscape. On the left side of the picture, the great mansion built on several levels on the slope of the Janiculum hill could be Cæsar's Villa which hosted queen Cleopatra as she stayed in Rome. Even if Cæsar permanently lived in the Regia in Rome, he often came to the villa to visit the Ptolemaic queen.

in a closer view. Close to the bottom of the terraces, a running track , with a spina, was built across the line of stairs, on the way down to an immense hemicyclic nymphæum.

Bird'eye view of the north part of the gardens.

In the south part of the gardens, on the Via Portuensis, the templum Fortis Fortunæ in the centre of the picture. This beautiful temple of Fortune could have been built after Cæsar's death. Outside the walls of the city, the Roman roads were lined with tombs. You can see here several of all sizes, that line the Via Portuensis and the Via Campana at the bottom of the picture.

The small temple of Hercules
( Ædicula Herculis Cubantis ) at the bottom of the Janiculum seems abandoned and in ruins.