The mausoleums are the graves that the emperors let build for their family.
On the contrary to the “cenotaph”
, which is erected to the memory of a dead
person but doesn’t contain the body. Hadrian’s Mausoleum
which later will
become the fortress of Angel’s Castle, that we know today
, is the greatest of all.
Two steps away from the Vatican Naumachia and Caligula’s Circus (out of the model),
the Mausoleum had a privileged position on the bank of the Tiber, surrounded by
huge private gardens
. Almost all mausoleums have the same architecture as the
Etruscan tombs with tumulus. On a rectangular base, a cylindrical construction
surmounted by a tumulus planted with cypresses. In addition to Emperor Hadrian,
other famous people have been buried there : Antoninus Pius, Marcus-Aurelius,
Commodus, Septimius-Severus and Caracalla. View of the Mausoleum in the north-west angle.